If you don't, the cursor will look like a text selector, which will be confusing to sighted users. It also clarifies how developers should work together with designers and content creators to ensure that federal websites and digital products meet the Revised 508 Standards. Refer to Requirement 5 - Non-Interference to learn more. When any component receives focus, it does not initiate a change of context. 2 Answers. Avoid using position: absolute to place content on page. Set error/success message container to tabindex="-1". Review WebAIM captions for a description. 2. Frames that contain repetitive content can be used to meet 2.4.1, however, frames are obsolete in HTML5. Auto-updating: For any auto-updating information that (1) starts automatically and (2) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it, or to control the frequency of the update, unless the auto-updating is part of an activity where it is essential. Tag decorative images with a blank alt tag. Ensure that mechanism to control the content is easy to locate, is keyboard operable, and is clearly labelled as to its purpose. By following the basic principles outlined here, web developers can make their web content more accessible to individuals with disabilities. Usually this means clicking a button, even if it may just be an "OK" button or a "Close" button. Avoid using images of text. The only way to ensure 100% compliance with Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is to explicitly adhere to the sixteen provisions listed below: 1194.22 Web-based intranet and internet information and applications. Select Figures Alternate Text in the Accessibility Checker panel, and choose Fix from the Options menu. Provide a clearly named control, such as a button, to initiate such changes. ALL images must have the alt attribute (even decorative images should be tagged alt=""). It does not move the keyboard focus. If tables are used for layout purposes, add role="presentation" and do not use structural elements like
and table summaries. Refer to ARIA (radio buttons, segmented inputs), 3. Test color contrast with the WebAIM color contrast checker. For prerecorded audio-only and prerecorded video-only media, the following are true, except when the audio or video is a media alternative for text and is clearly labeled as such: Prerecorded Audio-only: An alternative for time-based media is provided that presents equivalent information for prerecorded audio-only content. Note 2: The alternate version does not need to be matched page for page with the original (e.g., the conforming alternate version may consist of multiple pages). If technologies are used in a way that is not accessibility supported, or if they are used in a non-conforming way, then they do not block the ability of users to access the rest of the page. , Audio description is provided for all prerecorded video content in synchronized media. One version would need to be fully conformant in order to meet conformance requirement 1. Sounds obvious? Note: Start and end tags that are missing a critical character in their formation, such as a closing angle bracket or a mismatched attribute value quotation mark are not complete. If you need to specify height and width, using em units in padding can help keep things in proportion because em units are relative to font size. Add alternate text as prompted in the Set Alternate Text dialog box. D1. Designers should provide (text) equivalent descriptions for images, and pass them along to the developer(s). Content owners are the best resource for text descriptions since they know what information they want the image to convey. Identify decorative content so developers can tag it appropriately. Best Practice: Do not skip heading levels or go out of sequence. Best Practice: Do not play any audio content automatically. The non-conforming version can only be reached from a conforming page that also provides a mechanism to reach the conforming version. Conformance (and conformance level) is for full web page(s) only, and cannot be achieved if part of a web page is excluded. Give links a descriptive name so users will know where the link will take them if selected. Alternative Text is textual material [incorporated “behind the scenes” with each graphic] that a Screen Reader can capture and read aloud to the user. This kind of comes back to what I was saying at the beginning, is if you already have all that information in the text of the document, then the alt text you might want to put on that map or that image is see the information preceding the image or following the image or whatever. Information, structure, and relationships conveyed through presentation can be programmatically determined or are available in text. Do not use ONLY color to indicate errors, such as a red outline around the field. Best Practice: Put form instructions at the top of the form, instead of the middle. Instructions provided for understanding and operating content do not rely solely on sensory characteristics of components such as shape, size, visual location, orientation, or sound. Run the accessibility checker: "Missing Alt Text: Tables" Avoid referring to visual indicators, like "the red button," or "the left-hand side of the page," or "the square box.". TESTING DOCUMENTS FOR 508 COMPLIANCE To check your document for 508 issues or compliance open the document in a 508 true tester. Ensure the keyboard user can exit the embedded content. As a UX designer, I think it’s helpful to review exactly who will be using a specific feature and why. An Alternative text description is to be provided for every image or graphic. With more than 285 million people in the world who have visual impairments, we know there are many people who could benefit from a more accessible Instagram. Click to see non-compliant flashing Failure: This blinking text fails because the rate of flashing can’t be determined and its greater than 3 Hz. According to the 508 compliance team, the compliance requirements for a video are: 1. (Level A). This text allows visually impaired people using a screen review aid (or assistive software) to "hear" where they are in your Help system and to know what buttons they are pushing. Ensure style guidelines for your organization meet the minimum contrast requirements. Start and end tags that are missing a critical character in their formation, such as a closing angle bracket, or a mismatched attribute value quotation mark, are not complete. If your form is of the covered type, choose from the available options (Reversible, Checked, Confirmed) to meet this requirement. This issue is a violation of Section 508 and WCAG 2.0 Success Criterion 1.1.1. Add keyboard accessibility to custom developed interface elements. Otherwise, focus cannot be set successfully on the message. Determine alt text by asking, "What text would I put here instead of this picture?". 508 compliance is the same as accessibility. Audio descriptions are not necessary if all visual descriptions are provided with the sound track narration. Any keyboard operable user interface has a mode of operation where the keyboard focus indicator is visible. If your image contains information or represents something meaningful, determine the message the image conveys and write a short, concise text … Navigational mechanisms that are repeated on multiple web pages within a set of web pages occur in the same relative order each time they are repeated, unless a change is initiated by the user. (Including only a mark without further explanation on a form field error is not adequate.). Use
instead. All non-text content that is presented to the user should have a text alternative that serves the equivalent purpose; since decorative images do not convey any meaning for any user, they should include a blank alt tag. How do I add the page content to the alternate text for 508 compliance? The title attribute is probably always required for linked images or other non-textual content. When a web page is one of a series of web pages presenting a process (i.e., a sequence of steps that need to be completed in order to accomplish an activity), all web pages in the process conform at the specified level or better. Meaningful background images must be supplemented with a text equivalent on the page. Large Text: Large-scale text and images of large-scale text have a contrast ratio of at least 3:1. If you’re reading this article, I’m guessing you have at least some awareness of what alt text is for and how it’s used. This ensures that viewers who cannot see the full color spectrum are able to read the text.” “The options below offer color palette combinations that fall within the range of Section 508 compliant foreground/background color contrast ratios.” Automatic changes should not be initiated when a user makes a selection or enters information. IMG must have an alt attribute for valid HTML5. An alert dialog (role="alertdialog") requires a user action. 1. Use text instead. User must be able to configure auto-updates to content. Development Considerations An alert (role="alert") does not require a user action. For this document, we are going to use Adobe Acrobat 10. Avoid using the same link text for links that have different destinations. Where user controls are provided for program selection, ICT shall provide user controls for the selection of audio descriptions at the same menu level as the user controls for volume or program selection. Repeated content on multiple pages must be in a consistent order across the pages. When adding an element to the keyboard tab order, use tabindex="0". Note 1: In this definition, "can only be reached" means that there is some mechanism, such as a conditional redirect, that prevents a user from "reaching" (loading) the non-conforming page unless the user had just come from the conforming version. The default human language of each web page can be programmatically determined. Information, structure, and relationships conveyed through presentation can be programmatically determined or are available in text. Guide to Accessible Web Design & Development, Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG), H71: Providing a description for groups of form controls using fieldset and legend elements, H64: Using the title attribute of the frame and iframe elements, W3C’s HTML Accessibility API Mappings (HTML-AAM) for images, Understanding Conforming Alternate Versions. Home > Blog > Section 508 Compliance Testing Tools & Checklists. For web pages that cause legal commitments or financial transactions for the user to occur, that modify or delete user-controllable data in data storage systems, or that submit user test responses, at least one of the following is true: Checked: Data entered by the user is checked for input errors and the user is provided an opportunity to correct them. Building a website or web application using templates and reusable components provides familiarity and consistency for its users. Associate multimedia files to caption files; label as captioned version. Section 508 requires all images on Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) websites and applications to have alt text. Web pages have titles that describe topic or purpose. The resources in this section were developed by the Accessible Electronic Documents Community of Practice (AED COP). The link can be made invisible until it gets focus so that sighted keyboard users can also use it. If error is detected immediately when exiting the form, ensure the error notification is keyboard accessible. In most cases, an image will only have a function if it is contained within a link (or is an image map hotspot or a button). Otherwise, the focus will be lost, effectively sending the focus back to the top of the Document Object Model (DOM). Adding alternative text for images is the imperative, and needs to be done correctly: Try to answer the question “what information is the image conveying?” This software makes it much easier for the developer or the client to add any missing Alternative Text to the non-text content. Web pages should be designed to be "responsive" to the size of the display on which they are viewed. 20 Hour Exception: The time limit is longer than 20 hours. Created by the CIO Council’s Accessibility Community of Practice, this information is presented in categories that align to the Baseline Tests for Revised 508 Standards, which cover all WCAG 2.0 Level A and AA requirements, and will be the basis of the updated Trusted Tester Test Process. Correct the alt text or text alternative to convey the same information obtained visually. The purpose of each link can be determined from the link text alone, or from the link text together with its programmatically determined link context, except where the purpose of the link would be ambiguous to users in general. Each version should be as conformant as possible. People who use screen readers are usually either completely blind o… page content in alt text-508. Best Practice: Do not have content that flashes. Source: http://adod.idrc.ocad.ca/acrobat9, InDesign Accessibility Guidelines For PDF Publication, ICT Refresh: WCAG, PDF/UA-1 and Section 508, Try to answer the question “what information is the image conveying?”, If the image does not convey any useful information, leave the alternative text blank (e.g. Major topics are listed below in alphabetical order. Except for captions and images of text, text can be resized without assistive technology up to 200 percent without loss of content or functionality. It acts like a regular dialog, but it is supposed to convey more of a sense of urgency. Select a CAPTCHA provider that is already conformant to 508 standards. Best approach is to return to the authoring file and fix it there. Identify the repetitive content on pages and the location of where a skip mechanism should land. When the sequence in which content is presented affects its meaning, a correct reading sequence can be programmatically determined. Do all decorative images have “ “ in the alt text field? Changing the setting of any user interface component does not automatically cause a change of context unless the user has been advised of the behavior before using the component. In that case, the images should be marked as background and you do not have to provide alternate text within the image. The border around the grouped fields can be hidden programmatically if it conflicts with the design. If an input error is automatically detected and suggestions for correction are known, then the suggestions are provided to the user, unless it would jeopardize the security or purpose of the content. There's much more to Section 508 compliance than alternative text. Equivalent alternatives should be synchronized with the content. Components that have the same functionality within a set of web pages are identified consistently. Where ICT displays video with synchronized audio, ICT shall provide user controls for closed captions and audio descriptions. It sets standards that must be followed by every federal government department, as well as every organization that receives federal contracts or … The law applies to all Federal agencies when they develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information technology. Do not play any audio content automatically. In addition, the following success criteria apply to all content on the page, including content that is not otherwise relied upon to meet conformance, because failure to meet them could interfere with any use of the page: US Web Design System - User Interface (UI) Components, Accessible Name and Description Inspector (ANDI) Developer Tips. ARIA links do not have any native styling or functionality, so you will need to add things like keyboard support, underline and color. How To Create a 508 Compliant Microsoft Word Document By using the built-in features within Microsoft Office, to include Word, you can avoid many of the most common mistakes related to accessibility. A mechanism is available to bypass blocks of content that are repeated on multiple web pages. For moving, blinking, scrolling, or auto-updating information, ALL of the following are true: Moving, blinking, scrolling: For any moving, blinking or scrolling information that (1) starts automatically, (2) lasts more than five seconds, and (3) is presented in parallel with other content, there is a mechanism for the user to pause, stop, or hide it, unless the movement, blinking, or scrolling is part of an activity where it is essential; and. Where color is used to convey meaning, include another visual element ( like a regular,. Read by in the PDF visible so that screen magnification users can also use it named to the... 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